Working Papers

Working Paper 3/2017

TOWARDS A EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIP POLICY (EPP) WITH THE SOUTH AND THE EAST - FOSTERING DYNAMICS, FIGHTING ROOT CAUSESOF MIGRATION

Abstract

The aim of the project is to design a policy to promote political and economic stability in the European neighbourhood, to increase its economic dynamics, and to strengthen good governance. The European partnership policy aims to not only provide investment and finance, but also to stimulate endogenous firms and technologies through a cooperative approach discussed with governments, regional authorities and civil society in the neighbourhood countries. The new approach should build on the existing initiatives and the strengths of the neighbouring countries, on programmes at the European level as well as those of international organisations and NGOs. The new policy aims to counteract populist and nationalist movements as well as disruptive emigration. The "European Neighbourhood" refers to regions which are geographically close to the EU, but which do not belong to the EU and do not have any prospect of accession, i.e. Africa (including Sub-Sahara), the Middle East, the Black Sea area and the successor states of the Soviet Union (Eurasia). 

The current paper provides a number of elements of a successful partnership, some of which are well known, but which are developed further here. Together, they complement the existing European Neighbourhood Policy as well as Development Policy and lead to an active Partnership Policy which should be welcomed by either partner due to its potential to increase dynamics and well-being and to reduce the potential for conflict and disruptive migration. The EU-Africa summit in November 2017 and the planned renewal of the existing compact of the EU with Africa, the Pacific and the Caribbean (Cotonou) under the Austrian Presidency in 2018 are the rationales behind the timing of this interim report.

Aiginger, A. & Handler, H. (2017), Towards a European Partnership Policy (EPP) with the South and the East . Fostering Dynamics, Fighting Root Causes of Migration, Policy Crossovercenter: Vienna - Europe, Working Paper 3/2017, Vienna.

Working Paper 2/2017

Europa zwischen Globalisierung und Renationalisierung

Abstract

Der Widerstand gegen die Globalisierung in den Industriestaaten wächst, populistische Bewegungen in Europa und den USA gewinnen an Bedeutung wobei rechte, linke und wachstumskritische Bewegungen mit unterschiedlichen Motiven eine Renationalisierung der Politik unterstützen. Die ökonomische Theorie betont die Vorteile der Globalisierung, durch verstärkte Arbeitsteilung, bessere Nutzung der Ressourcen und raschere Dissemination von Wissen und Technologien. Sie betont aber auch, dass es Verlierer des Prozesses gibt, wenn Ungleichheiten und Ungleichgewichte sich verschärfen und Globalisierung wirtschaftspolitisch begleitet werden muss. Dieser Artikel untersucht ob die Vorteile aber auch die Ungleichgewichte in der letzten Globalisierungsphase eingetreten. Er berichtet über die fehlende politische Begleitung, die zunehmende Globalisierungskritik in den Industrieländern und die Forderung nach Renationalisierung der Politik. Die falsche Verherrlichung der Vergangenheit und egoistischen Reaktionen verschärfen allerdings die Probleme und gefährden die Wohlfahrt. Kriterien einer verantwortungsbewussten Globalisierung werden entwickelt. Globale Herausforderungen verlangen internationale Regeln, sie dürfen jedoch nicht in zentralistische Maßnahmen münden die als Fremdbestimmung empfunden werden. Europäische Ziele und Rahmenbedingungen sollen so gewählt werden, dass sie den nationalen Spielraum erweitern und Bottom-Up-Initiativen fördern. Dieser „Empowermentansatz“ sollte in die strategische Neuausrichtung Europas einfließen und könnte den Beginn einer europäischen Globalisierungsstrategie darstellen, die Standards nach oben angleicht und die bisherigen Verlierer befähigt, an den Vorteilen der Globalisierung teilzuhaben.

Aiginger, K. (2017), Europa zwischen Globalisierung und Renationalisierung. Querdenkerplattform: Wien-Europa, Working Paper 2/2017, Wien. 

Working Paper 1/2017

MEHR NATIONALE SOUVERÄNITÄT DURCH EINE NEUE EUROPAPOLITIK - DAS DILEMMA ZWISCHEN GLOBALEN HERAUSFORDERUNGEN UND NATIONALEM GESTALTUNGSWUNSCH 

Abstract

People in Europe are striving for a better life despite the prevailing economic and political setup becoming increasingly difficult: Climate change, political instability, migrant flows and new technologies are jeopardising welfare or are at least boosting uncertainty. Stronger European policy coordination could both reduce unemployment and inequality and provide Europe with a leading role in efforts to combat climate change. Distrust, however, is rising; distrust both of European policies, which are perceived as being centralist, and of globalisation, which is regarded as externally controlled.

This article argues that European policies must first visibly contribute to solving top-priority problems such as unemployment, inequality and climate change. Secondly, they must concentrate on issues which can be better addressed by means of joint and coordinated efforts and which relate directly to living conditions. And thirdly, and this is the main focus of this analysis they must be shaped in such a way that they widen the potential for technical, social and environmental innovations at the national level. International coordination can furthermore reduce the pressure for each country to overemphasise "low-road strategies" focussing on price competitiveness only. We discuss this for four policy areas and present best practice examples. 

Aiginger, K. (2017), Mehr nationale Souveränität durch eine neue Europapolitik - Das Dilemma zwischen globalen Herausforderungen und nationalem Gestaltungswunsch, Querdenkerplattform: Wien - Europa, Working Paper 1/2017, Wien.