Flash Paper Series 2018

Unsere Flash Paper Series ist dafür eingesetzt worden, um AutorInnen von Beiträgen zum jeweils aktuellen Research Topic die Möglichkeit zu geben, ihre Meinungen, Ansichten und Ideen herausstreichen zu können. Es wird damit der notwendige Raum eingeräumt, ein Research Topic in vielfältigen Dimension darzustellen. Im Sinne eines diskursiven und kritischen Austauschs zu einem Thema sei jedoch die Möglichkeit auch für die interessierte Öffentlichkeit gegeben, sich über das finale Produkt des Policy Brief hinaus - der oft eine Vielzahl an Ideen und Sichtweisen in ihren Details nicht ausreichend darstellen kann - über die konkreten Konzepte der einzelnen IdeengeberInnen zu informieren und im Detail nachzulesen. Die Querdenkerplattform distanziert sich hier bewusst von den einzelnen Meinungen der AutorInnen in den Flash Papers. Die Flash Paper Series steht demnach neben dem Output der Querdenkerplattform (Policy Brief, Working Paper) bzw. als Ergänzung dazu und schildert die Ansichten der AutorInnen in ihren einzelnen Beiträgen zum Research Topic im Detail. 

Our Flash Paper Series has been designed to give the single authors of the Research Topics an opportunity to highlight their opinions, views and ideas. This gives the necessary space to present a research topic in its variety of dimensions. According to a discursive exchange of opinions on a topic, however, also the interested public has the possibility to read about concrete concepts and ideas of an author, beyond the final product of the Policy Brief, which often can not adequately present a multitude of ideas and perspectives in its details. The Policy Crossover Platform dissociates from the individual opinions of the authors in the Flash Papers. Therefore, the Flash Paper Series complements the final output of the Research Topic (Policy Brief, Working Paper) and describes the views of the authors in their individual contributions to this topic in detail.

Flash Paper 4/2018



Among the many factors governing migration, education plays a major role, though more in the long run than for short-term floods particularly of irregular migration. Concerning the long run effects, the direction of causation and the slope of the connection are debated in theory. Education not only determines the mobility of people, it also is positively correlated with rising incomes. Empirical evidence shows that for people in developing countries, who are at the low end of the income distribution, more education and rising income levels are push factors for emigration. However, beyond a certain threshold further rising incomes tend to retard migration. As a result, education exhibits an inverted-U shaped relationship with migration. Another remarkable fact is that, on average, people who migrate are better educated than non-migrants back home as well as indigenous people in the host country. 

Handler, H. (2018), Economic Links between Education and Migration: an Overview, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 4/2018, Vienna. 

Flash Paper 3/2018



In 2007 the Austrian Technical College of Higher Education for Information Technology opened its gates in Shkodra, Albania. This school is part of the efforts of the Austrian government to support the economic, technological and social development of the West Balkan countries. This paper looks into the original intentions for the establishment of this school in the economically underdeveloped north of Albania. After ten years of operation a first attempt is made to assess how these intentions have been met. Do graduates of the school contribute to the development of the Albanian economy or do they contribute to the brain drain when highly qualified technicians leave their home country to live elsewhere in Europe? Will this school help Albania in its efforts to join the European Union? It is probably still too early to give final answers to these questions but it seems worthwhile to look at first trends.

Bruckner, G. (2018), Austrian School in Shkodra, Albania, as a Best Practice Example for European Integration in Education, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 3/2018, Vienna.

Flash Paper 2/2018



This paper aims to shed light on the multifaceted and interrelated processes of education and migration, assessing how investment in and improvement of education can contribute towards more effective migration management and mobilities, a partial prevention of emigration in countries of origin, selection and support of migrants in countries of transit and destination and a better integration. The three spotlights selected to provide insight into the prospects of investment in education are: a) the importance of equal access to and quality of education according to the findings of UNESCO and OECD reports, b) the significance of fostering human capital, and c) the prospects of mobility programmes. While, in terms of host countries and integration, a focus lies on European states – Austria, in particular – Middle Eastern and North African countries being the origin of significant numbers of migrants in the aftermath of the Arab Spring, will be in the centre of case studies with regard to mobility and exchange.

Kohlenberger, J. & Wurm, L. (2018), Migration and Education - Building on Common Grounds, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna-Europe, Flash Paper 2/2018, Vienna. 

Flash Paper 1/2018



Escuela Nueva (New School), a school model designed to improve the learning outcomes of disadvantaged children, has officially been widely used in Colombia for years. However, the country’s performance on international standardized tests of learning remains poor. This study uses a mixed methods approach to analyze program implementation and learning outcomes (as measured by the standardized test Pruebas SABER 2013) and finds that the model indeed improves learning outcomes, but that its effectiveness depends strongly on proper program implementation, which is found to be lacking.

Hammler, K. (2018), It's the Implementation, Stupid! Evidence on Improving Learning Outcomes from the Colombian Escuela Nueva School Model, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna-Europe, Flash Paper 1/2018, Vienna.