Flash Paper Series

Our Flash Paper Series has been designed to give the single authors of the Research Topics an opportunity to highlight their opinions, views and ideas. This gives the necessary space to present a research topic in its variety of dimensions. According to a discursive exchange of opinions on a topic, however, also the interested public has the possibility to read about concrete concepts and ideas of an author, beyond the final product of the Policy Brief, which often can not adequately present a multitude of ideas and perspectives in its details. The Policy Crossover Platform dissociates from the individual opinions of the authors in the Flash Papers. Therefore, the Flash Paper Series coomplements the final output of the Research Topic (Policy Brief, Working Paper) and describes the views of the authors in their individual contributions to this topic in detail.

Unsere Flash Paper Series ist dafür eingesetzt worden, um AutorInnen von Beiträgen zum jeweils aktuellen Research Topic die Möglichkeit zu geben, ihre Meinungen, Ansichten und Ideen herausstreichen zu können. Es wird damit der notwendige Raum eingeräumt, ein Research Topic in vielfältigen Dimension darzustellen. Im Sinne eines diskursiven und kritischen Austauschs zu einem Thema sei jedoch die Möglichkeit auch für die interessierte Öffentlichkeit gegeben, sich über das finale Produkt des Policy Brief hinaus - der oft eine Vielzahl an Ideen und Sichtweisen in ihren Details nicht ausreichend darstellen kann - über die konkreten Konzepte der einzelnen IdeengeberInnen zu informieren und im Detail nachzulesen. Die Querdenkerplattform distanziert sich hier bewusst von den einzelnen Meinungen der AutorInnen in den Flash Papers. Die Flash Paper Series steht demnach neben dem Output der Querdenkerplattform (Policy Brief, Working Paper) bzw. als Ergänzung dazu und schildert die Ansichten der AutorInnen in ihren einzelnen Beiträgen zum Research Topic im Detail. 


Flash Paper 10/2017

NEOCOLONIALISM OR BALANCED PARTNERSHIP? REFRAMING AGRICULTURAL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE EU AND AFRICA 

Abstract

The narratives in the media with respect to EU external policies and their effects on developing countries generally paint a picture of unequal power dynamics and negative externalities, particularly with respect to international trade and land grabbing. In this paper, I use trade data to argue that reality is more nuanced and aim to provide a preliminary sketch of the institutional dynamics between the EU and Africa. I focus on agricultural relationships to highlight the interplay between historical path dependencies, colonialism, trade policy and domestic institutions on the EU and African side. While trade is often portrayed in an overly simplified manner as the main factor hindering agricultural development, African countries are often plagued by a long history of extractive institutions, both politically and economically, which lead to a vicious cycle of unequally distributed resources, exploitation, insecure human rights and a lack of incentives for innovation. This becomes apparent when examining phenomena such as land-grabbing, which often involve African elites partnering with foreign investors to conclude controversial deals. Overall, this paper aims to highlight the necessity of building institutional capacity particularly in countries with a long history of extractive institutional continuity, and to underline the importance of state centralisation for agricultural development, so that African partners can fully take advantage of the preferential trade regime with the EU and improve their position with respect to power dynamics. 

Lungu, I. (2017). Neocolonialism or Balanced Partnership? Reframing Agricultural Relations between the EU and Afrika, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 10/2017, Vienna.

Flash Paper 9/2017

FRIEDENSOASEN - DIE WÜSTE WIRD GRÜN /FLÜCHTLINGE WERDEN PFLANZER

Abstract

Urbarmachung von Land! Es ist der schnellste und billigste Weg zur gesicherten Daseinsvorsorge. Wir müssen den Flüchtlingen anfangs helfen. Wir Europäer bieten Schutz und Arbeit. Handel, Gewerbe usw. entwickeln sich später von selbst. Darauf beruht das neue Konzept der FRIEDENSOASEN. Es sind geplante Agrarsiedlungen. Sie sollen kopiert werden. Von anderen europäischen Ländern und von den Gastländern selbst. So wird AKTIVE EUROPÄISCHE NACHBARSCHAFTSPOLITIK daraus.Flash Paper 8/2017

Stanzel, B. & Bramhas, E. (2017), Friedensoasen - Die Wüste wird grün / Flüchtlinge werden Pflanzer, Policy Crossovercenter: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 9/2017, Wien. 

Flash Paper 8/2017

WIEDERAUFBAUPLAN FÜR SYRIEN –WELCHE ROLLE FÜR EUROPA?

Abstract

Der von den USA und den betroffenen Staaten 1947 gemeinsam entwickelte Marshallplan ist ein gelungenes Beispiel eines umfassenden Wiederaufbaus der vom Krieg zerstörten Staaten Westeuropas. Im vorliegenden Papier soll es um Überlegungen gehen, welche Rolle die Europäische Union angesichts fundamental veränderter geopolitischer Bedingungen beim Wiederaufbau Syriens spielen könnte. Neben einer politischen Lösung des Konfliktes, die Europa kaum beeinflussen wird können, braucht es auch einen detaillierten Plan für den Wiederaufbau des zerstörten Landes. Europa sollte die Führungsposition im Bereich der humanitären Soforthilfe und der Hilfe zur wirtschaftlichen Selbsthilfe einnehmen. Um Syrien zu stabilisieren gilt es sich den humanitären Folgen des Krieges anzunehmen, das Gesundheits- und Bildungssystem wiederaufzubauen, die zerstörte Infrastruktur zu reparieren oder neu zu errichten, die Landwirtschaft, Industrie, und den Handel wiederzubeleben und Good Governance zu priorisieren. Um den Wiederaufbau in Syrien und die Rückkehr von Flüchtlingen zu beschleunigen wäre darüber hinaus anzudenken, den schon jetzt in Europa lebenden Syrern eine Ausbildung in relevanten Sektoren wie der Bauwirtschaft zu ermöglichen. Europa sollte sich als Akteur positionieren, dem es in erster Linie an einer nachhaltigen Friedensordnung und Menschenrechten gelegen ist.

Petritsch, W. (2017), Wiederaufbauplan für Syrien - welche Rolle für Europa? Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 8/2017, Wien. 

Flash Paper 7/2017

IN THE AFTERMATH OF ARAB SPRING REVOLUTIONS: EUCOOPERATION, POLICIES AND DIALOGUE WITH TUNISIA AND EGYPT

Abstract

The following paper seeks to outline how the EU (re)acts to changes in its North African Neighbourhood, particularly with regard to Arab Spring upheavals. The substantial influence the revolutions of the Arab Spring have had, not only on Middle Eastern and North African countries, but also on their relations - in a political and economic sense - raises the question of possible reactions shown by different and differently affected parties involved. In view of the European Union‟s strategic behaviour when aiming at safeguarding economic stability along with human rights in the MENA region, democracy as a key factor may result indispensable. While, in the light of Arab Spring upheavals, democratization is claimed to have largely succeeded in Tunisia, Egypt is believed to be falling short of meeting EU expectations when it comes to stable democracy. EU response strategies as well as the adaptation of its political, social and economic cooperation with Tunisia and Egypt by means of a revised Neighbourhood Policy will be outlined and critically examined from different perspectives, taking into account the Union‟s assessment and conditionality of a progress made in democratization.

Wurm, L. (2017), In the Aftermath of Arab Spring Revolutions: EU Cooperation, Policies and Dialogue with Tunisia and Egypt, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 7/2017, Vienna. 

Flash Paper 6/2017

THE NEW PARTNERSHIP POLICY OF THE EU:FUNDING OPTIONS AND MECHANISMS

Abstract

The recent wave of immigration in Europe has shown clearly that the current effort by the EU to help and promote sustainable economic growth in its neighboring regions has not brought sufficient results. A New Partnership Policy of the EU is needed. In this paper we discuss different financing mechanisms of a possible new approach and how they can activate efficient investments in the regions in question ensuring long-term sustainable growth and sufficient job opportunities. Our proposed funding sources involve new financial instruments, direct contributions from governments and international organizations (as envisioned by the UN), contributions from the follow-up organizations of the Marshall plan and additional small tax contributions. We discuss the advantages of those different options, their multiplier effects and possible future cost reductions in national budgets due to effective measures taken today.

Pekanov, A. (2017), The new Partnership Policy of the EU: Funding Options and Mechanisms, Policy Crosscvercenter: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 6/2017, Vienna.

Flash Paper 5/2017

EUROPE TAKING THE LEAD IN RESPONSIBLE GLOBALISATION

Abstract 

Political opposition to globalisation has risen in industrialized countries, although the positive overall effects on the growth of the world economy and the alleviation of poverty are empirically verifiable. However, the effects of globalisation vary according to regions, professional groups, and education. In the period of intensive globalisation, unemployment and inequality have risen, and people feel their lives to be determined by forces they cannot influence. Since the many new challenges, such as climate protection, can be better solved by worldwide efforts, it is indispensable to avoid new national barriers and to strengthen the endorsement of globalisation and the concomitant welfare effects. However, it is also necessary to respect cultural differences in preferences and to view globalisation as a search and learning process. Instruments for the implementation of such a strategy may vary according to regional specifics. Social and ecological goals – gaining higher importance with rising per capita incomes – are well-represented in the European model, but for worldwide solutions other socio-economic models will offer preferences and solutions. Apart from the announced partial withdrawal of the United States from globalisation and the upcoming dominance of China in world affairs and large scale investment, Europe would be well-advised to take a greater responsibility if not the lead in determining the rules of globalisation. Based on an opinion-forming process within Europe, responsible globalisation can significantly improve the quality of life in Europe and its partners worldwide.

Aiginger, K. & Handler, H. (2017), Europe taking the lead in responsible globalisation, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna-Europe, Flash Paper 5/2017, Vienna. 

Flash Paper 4/2017

KEINE FALSCHEN ALTERNATIVEN:GLOBALISIERUNG MUSS GESTALTET WERDEN

Abstract

Die Diskussion über Globalisierung leidet unter extremen Einschätzungen. Eine Gruppe betont nur ihre Vorteile und forciert eine Politik, um Globalisierung auf immer mehr Länder und Tatbestände auszubauen, andere betonen ihre Nachteile und verlangen eine Renationalisierung. Die Diskussion hat durch neue Politikansätze in den USA und China, sowie durch die Kritik an Handelsabkommen, an Bedeutung gewonnen. Leider ist das „Reflexionspapier: Die Globalisierung meistern“ der europäischen Kommission in Analyse und Politikmaßnahmen enttäuschend. Das vorliegende Flash Paper entwirft daher zehn Vorschläge zur wohlfahrtsorientieren Gestaltung der Globalisierung.

Bayer, K. (2017), Keine falschen Alternativen: Globalisierung muss gestaltet werden, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna-Europe, Flash Paper 4/2017, Vienna. 

Flash Paper 3/2017

WIE SOLL EUROPA AUF DIE EINSCHRÄNKUNG DER ARBEITSVISA IN DEN USA REAGIEREN?

Abstract

Die De-Globalisierungsansätze des US-Präsidenten Donald Trump, unter anderem durch die geplante Einschränkung der H-1B-Visaprogramme, führen zu Überlegungen, wie Europa auf diesen Protektionismus reagieren soll. Eine verstärkte Arbeitsmobilität würde dem Problem einer alternden Gesellschaft und folglich einer sinkenden Anzahl an Personen im erwerbsfähigen Alter entgegenwirken. Zusätzlich führt die Immigration langfristig zu gesteigerter Arbeitsproduktivität und zu einem Anstieg des BIP pro Kopf im Zielland. Diese positiven Effekte sollte Europa in Kooperation mit den Herkunftsländern verstärken, sodass alle Beteiligten profitieren. Neben Vorteilen können durch die Arbeitsmigration jedoch auch Nachteile entstehen. Insbesondere dann, wenn sich die Zugewanderten nicht am Arbeitsmarkt integrieren können und in der Arbeitslosigkeit oder dauerhaft im unqualifizierten Sektor verbleiben. Die Aufgabe Europas sollte in diesem Fall darin bestehen, positive Spillover-Effekte zu suchen und zu verstärken.

Kanduth, A. (2017), Wie soll Europa auf die Einschränkung der Arbeitsvisa in den USA reagieren?, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna-Europa, Flash Paper 3/2017, Wien.

Flash Paper 2/2017

How should Europe React to US Corporate Tax Reform Plans?

Abstract

On April 26, President Trump presented a one page sketch of his long-heralded major tax reform, including some bare bones on corporate taxation. Besides slashing corporate income tax rates to a flat 15 percent and an even lower one-off rate for repatriating offshore funds, the plan remains quiet on the financing side. To balance some of the costs of a substantial tax cut, Congress Republicans have actively advanced a destination-based cash flow tax with border adjustment. This in mind, the EU should be aware of possible threats to its international competitive position. Any reaction should defy a tax race to the bottom and rather resort to early negotiations with US officials on a competition-friendly final version of the tax reform. 

Handler, H. (2017), How should Europe React to US Corporate Tax Reform Plans?, Policy Crossover Center: Vienna - Europe, Flash paper 2/2017, Vienna.  

Flash Paper 1/2017

How a strong Europe could create a more national scope of Action

Abstract

New challenges can only be overcome internationally. If small countries want to play a role, the European level needs to be consolidated. However, if common solutions are poorly communicated or if there is too much interference in national priorities and individual living conditions, they will be rejected as edicts from Brussels and a return to national solutions will be demanded. In extreme cases, this can lead to exits from the EU; even if this fails to contribute to solving the problem and actually further reduces the available options and the prospects of success.

We highlight that Europe-wide regulations can actually lead to a greater scope of action at the national level. Innovative, problem-specific solutions can be developed based on national priorities due to the fact that international restrictions and leakage effects are eliminated. We demonstrate this in the case of tax regimes, fiscal and climate policy, and for globalization. Best practice examples of European policy which provided funds not feasible at the national level, but at the same time increased the options at the regional or national level and which were more efficient, can be found in the EU‟s regional and research policies. From these, we derive principles for overcoming the contradiction which currently prevails between the need for common rules and the desire for decentralized solutions on the regional or national levels. 

Aiginger, K. (2017), How a strong Europe could create more national scope of action, Policy Crossover Venter: Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper 1/2017, Vienna.